Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 418,381 times. However, it makes spraying a poor choice for overall coverage, because you'd have to apply man coats. Step 06: Drying Anything you may get against or work from while applying your finish should be dust free. Read on for another quiz question. A good rule of thumb is to assume a curing finish is uncured until the 30 day mark, then it’s ready for full use or delivery. Spray less accessible areas with aerosol … I wouldn't recommend it. So these thick coats requires more dry time, but fewer coats overall. Spread the varnish over the entire surface with long, even strokes. Pick another answer! We use cookies to make wikiHow great. This is what I did when I first started, and why I quickly moved over to wipe on poly as it was much easier. You quickly get a feel for how fast the poly is laid down, so don’t worry about your speed before you start. However, that’s different than its “Cure Time”, which is much longer. ", "This helped me to learn that polyurethane is not a polish, as I previously thought it was. Approved. Either way you want to do it, you can still use my method above. Regular oil based polyurethane goes on much thicker than finishes like wipe-on poly, or lacquer. As long as the polyurethane is closed when you shake it, there's no way that the shaking motion will introduce any dust. Water-based poly remains clear, but oil-based poly does turn an amber shade over time. Wipe it onto the wood, following the grain. I tend to use brush-on polyurethane for table tops, and surfaces I want to build up a thicker finish. But for the best all-around finish for indoor furniture and shop projects, nothing beats a good polyurethane. Because the old fashioned standard latex gloves will get eaten up by chemicals and basically disintegrate right off your hand. The wood furniture projects we build are bound and determined to be worn down over time. May 7, 2017 - DIY Tutorial: How to Apply Polyurethane. You should sand the surface of your wood project up to a 180 or 220 grit sandpaper. Not exactly! Try again... Close! Continue to repeat Steps 3 and 4 until you get the look you want. I hope that sounds good to you, because that’s what you’re getting into here today. ", important dust-free workspace was, thought just going outside was good enough. Just lightly sand and it should quickly feel smooth to the touch, especially after coat #3 and beyond. Water-based polyurethane is perfect if: You want the wood you are finishing to retain its natural light coloration. I personally don’t use a fan to force fresh air through, I just crack the doors and let it naturally ventilate. Apply a very thin coat of polyurethane with a fine brush, foam pad, or cloth. Sand very lightly using a fine grit sand paper. Aerosol cans of polyurethane create a very fine mist. Wood Finishes 101 – Poly vs Varnish vs Lacquer vs Shellac, How To Get The Look You Want From A Polyurethane Finish, Shellac Wood Finish – What It Is and How To Apply It, Wood Finishes – Choose The Right One For Your Project, Danish Oil – What You Should Know About This Amazing Wood Finish, Food Safe Wood Finish – 9 Best Finishes for Cutting Boards, Toys, & More, Should You Wax That? After it’s dried for 24 hours, sand the wood again and apply a coat of pure polyurethane with a brush. Guess again! So as I mentioned above, you can use compressed air to clean off your project. The poly itself will create a new surface, as it is a film-building finish. You know why? Apply two to three more coats of polyurethane. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Apply polyurethane sealer in order to protect and preserve your wood furniture and flooring. After it dries, sand lightly. ", "The sponge vs. the bristle part is good to know.". Most will try to apply polyurethane with a paintbrush, making the delicate finish all the more difficult to use . The main benefit of a good polyurethane finish on wood is it’s superior protective qualities. rollers lets you apply the poly fast and evenly. You can stain or paint the wood before applying the poly. And be sure to sign up below to get great woodworking tips, templates, and projects, sent straight to your inbox. The more dust that settles on polyurethane before it dries, the less even the finished surface will be. In a nutshell, the “Dry Time” of polyurethane is about 24 hours. References Click on another answer to find the right one... Not quite! Dunk the bristles roughly an inch (2.5 cm) into the polyurethane to load the brush. But medium sandpaper isn't the best choice for sanding off scratches once you're done with the bulk of the sanding. Polyurethane fumes are dangerous, but unlike something like spray paint, a fan won't spread polyurethane around more than the regular application process does. Once the sanding is complete, you need to remove all the sanding dust from the wood. We do this because unsealed wood will soak up moisture from the environment’s humidity at a higher rate than sealed wood. Why the blue nitrile gloves? Polyurethane tends to become rather sticky when drying in sun light, leading it to collect any particles blowing around. Some people use tack cloths for the dry wipe-down, but be aware that some tack cloths may include chemicals that will interfere with the polyurethane’s adhesion. A fan pointed at the floor might make a tarp or drop cloth flap a bit, but since the item you're coating with polyurethane is sitting on top of your work surface, the surface will ultimately stay put. First take your poly foam brush, and dip it at least half-way into the poly. I recommend applying 3 to 5 coats of polyurethane. Polyurethane fumes are dangerous to breathe, but the substance itself is safe to handle. This will stir up dust in the air and it will no doubt end up on your wet finish. After each coat, reinspect it for any drips that need repairing. How to Apply Polyurethane to Hardwood Floors. Can I apply high gloss over a base coat of satin finish? If you really want that mirror finish, spray the final coat. Give it 7 days before bringing it into the house. That's great for getting into hard-to-reach places since you don't have to physically reach into them. The next row you want to overlap by a quarter inch, or really just enough to make sure you don’t accidentally leave a gap. That's super-useful on flat surfaces, because it reduces the number of overall coats needed to protect the wood. This means it dries much faster than regular poly. You still absolutely need to ventilate, but a fan doesn't act as anti-ventilation. What materials are used for filling the cracks and gaps in wood ? The initial coat … Almost! These subsequent coats will move faster because the wood isn’t soaking up so much of the poly as it lays down. Last Updated: August 6, 2020 Apply the First Coat of Polyurethane. Can you paint over oil based stain and varnish with polyurethane? Use a spatula for application. Shellac, lacquer and even oil based varnish all spray better. Try again... Why is it a bad idea to shake polyurethane? Use the razor blade to gently scrape away drops of polyurethane. You need to load the applicator with enough material first. Shake for 10 seconds occasionally during use. If the wood you're working with feels especially rough, you may want to go over it with medium-grit sandpaper before you move onto finer stuff. Most projects will be ready for normal use in 24 hours. Next, mix two parts polyurethane with one part mineral spirits and brush it onto the wood to seal it. Can you apply polyurethane over a painted wood trim to get a glossy finish? [1] X Research source Dust and other particles that dry in the polyurethane will result in an uneven surface. Whether it is oil-based or water-based, it comes in a variety of finishes, from glossy to matte. The foam brush has a nice straight edge tip, so when you get to the edge of the material, you’ll stop the brush right at the edge and lift off. Apply a light, even amount of pressure so you can work away any scratches or bumps in the finish. Then remove all the sanding dust and apply a second coat. This means when you’re done, if you did it correctly, you will not see any streaks or row-lines. You can see in the brush how full it still is, so as it gets close to emptying, you want to go refill it just like before. Guess again! [2] X Research source For more information see my disclosure page. You should do the same for your work area. You wouldn’t want all your effort to go to waste. In addition to being the final round of regular sanding, you should also use fine-grit sandpaper to sand off any scratches you notice, because it gives you the most control. So you need to know how to apply polyurethane, and that’s what I want to help you with today. After the stain has dried, you won’t want to continue sanding, you’ll instead move right into applying the polyurethane finish. I switch to my regular electric quarter-sheet finishing sander, and I’ll use that for 120 grit, 180 grit, and 220 grit sandpapers. Read on for another quiz question. I use disposable cheap foam brushes. You can read more about Adam here. This is not the type of environment you want to apply polyurethane in. Never place a fan in your immediate work area, since this may lead to dust being blown onto your wood as you coat it. 5.1 Mix the polyurethane as well as pour it into a coating tray. The poly itself will create a new surface, as it is a film-building finish. Right! Try again... Not exactly! Apply an even coat of stain to your workpiece, making long brushstrokes and overlapping the edges for full coverage. But as for me, time is limited, so I prefer to save time. What I learned was that brushing on poly is not at all like and oil based paint. Prepare the polyurethane by reducing it about 10 percent with mineral spirits, unless you're using water-based polyurethane, which doesn't need thinning. It is a remarkable step to ensure the stability of the surface shine. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Usually I prefer a satin-finish, as it creates a nice sheen that reflects light, but not in the way a wet surface or a piece of glass would. Yes! Shake Minwax® Fast-Drying Polyurethane vigorously for two minutes. If you liked this article, please save it on pinterest or share it on facebook, I would greatly appreciate it! The finish will look horrible immediately after you sand, but that’s ok. You’ve essentially ‘scuffed’ up the surface to prep it for the next coat. I will not stress the finish (with things like heat or cleaning chemicals) until the 30 day mark from the final coat. Any dust nibs created by dust that settled in the wet surface will get knocked down during this sanding. But if you’re overly concerned about getting any poly finish on your skin, then use gloves (the blue nitrile kind). Definitely 5 if it’s a surface that needs additional protection, like a table top. Aall you want to do is scuff up the surface before re-applying. And if you find the finish is not looking just right, you can manually increase or decrease the gloss level, learn how here. Pure polyurethane takes roughly 24 hours to dry, but it should take less than that when diluted with mineral spirits. I’ve built everything from toys, to outdoor patio tables, TV consoles, to my 6-seater dining room table. Brush with the grain in long, even strokes. Here’s me in action using this exact process: The first coat will really soak into the wood, so after it dries do not worry about sanding. Can I apply polyurethane outside in the sun? Application is a straightforward practice of sanding the surface area, applying a coat of poly, and repeating. Varnish is a bit more flexible (important with the changing humidity levels outside), and it has superior water resistant properties. If you have a good sniffer, then use it to gauge your curing finish. Can I apply poly over poly that was coated 5 years ago? Nope! ", "Just wanted to know how PU painting is done in kitchens, as I am getting one made. For a tabletop surface I need to flatten I’ll use the belt sander. Water-based poly is colorless. Fine-grit sandpaper will give your wood a pretty smooth finish. Doing so would just be a waste of time. Clean the surface again using the vacuum and cloth, then apply one coating of pure polyurethane. At that point, the finish is fully cured and the protection is at 100%. And you shouldn't be pointing a fan at the floor anyhow. However, depending on the shape of the surface area, you will have to decide between brushing it on or using a cloth to wipe it on. Try again! During any project, you will probably create a lot of sawdust in your shop, which settles on everything. Then touch the brush at one corner of the surface, apply a little bit of pressure, and slowly brush one entire row without stopping or lifting. With even strokes, use the paintbrush to apply the water-based polyurethane. There’s a bunch of different tools that are needed for the project that we will talk about, and we’ll walk you through the different steps of … Experts suggest applying polyurethane to floors with lambswool applicator or roller for a clean and even result. Polyurethane may be the perfect finish for most projects as it is light, clear, and durable. Brushing a rounded, contoured or vertical surface is more likely to create drips. Reduce the number of particles that might end up sticking to your coats of polyurethane. Spray-on polyurethane creates very thin coats. Special polyurethane formulations can provide performance at temperatures as high as 150°C (300°F). (I don’t always do this, but it is the best way to remove the final dust). But with a satin poly, you want to stir it really well before using it every time. In this case, 95% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. I’ll link to my article on applying wipe-on poly below. Can I use a paint pad for the second coat? If desired, apply stain, such as Minwax® Wood Finish™ Stain, to unfinished wood surfaces. A clear gloss polyurethane creates a very reflective, shiny finish. Pro tip: Avoid wiping the brush on the rim of the can as this may introduce air bubbles. With each wipe, overlap half of the previous wipe for even coating. The fumes from the oil-based polyurethane are toxic and you need fresh air. The finish should look great after you've completed it, but you may need to, All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published, This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. If your polyurethane is oil-based, use mineral spirits to dampen your lint-free cloth. With oil based polyurethane, I will typically bring my furniture project into the house after 7 days. Step 1 – Prep your project. It all depends on the environmental conditions (temp and humidity basically). It’s discussed on many woodworking forums and videos, that applying too many coats of satin polyurethane can make the finish become dingy or mirky. Work with the grain, and avoid applying too much polyurethane to avoid raising the grain. 5.3 Beginning at the farthest edge coming from the entrance to the area. By using our site, you agree to our. So there’s no need to go beyond 220 on the bare wood itself. (or at least with those of you who find my blog). Click on another answer to find the right one... {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/5\/57\/Apply-Polyurethane-Step-7-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Apply-Polyurethane-Step-7-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/5\/57\/Apply-Polyurethane-Step-7-Version-2.jpg\/aid1566046-v4-728px-Apply-Polyurethane-Step-7-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. I’ve used several types of finishes and nothing protects quite like good ol’ polyurethane. To expedite the curing, keep the project in a low humidity, warm environment. It’s best to make your touch down and lift off points at obvious seems or joints, or at the corner of the surface. You want each coat of polyurethane to dry quicker. Plus, as I’m so limited on time in the wood shop, I ALWAYS focus on making things simpler and faster. microfiber rollers dampened with mineral spirits. Start coating at the far side of the room and slowly reach the doorway. Wipe off the poly dust from the surface with a dry, lint free rag. Apply a thin, even coat of thinned polyurethane to the top and edges of your door using a natural-bristled brush. You definitely want to use it before you apply polyurethane, but once you're done with it, you shouldn't take it back out to go over any scratches you find. Yes, you can use a sander. I’ve applied poly using several different techniques, and over the years I’ve fine-tuned my own technique, and it works fantastically! Use an HVLP sprayer, and wear a respirator during the spraying process. Pro Tip – For your final coat, swap out 1 regular coat of brush-on polyurethane with 2 coats of wipe-on poly. If I’m putting on something oil-based, I’d rather just trash the paraphernalia. Read on for another quiz question. He considers himself a 'Small Shop Woodworker' and practices his hobby in his garage. Polyurethanes are some of the best wood finishes that you can find in the market today. But when you’re applying a finish that seals the wood, you should apply that finish on all surfaces. Which application technique results in the thinnest coats of polyurethane? So I usually put 2 coats on the ‘unseen’ parts of my projects. After that (or for non-table top surfaces), to get rid of all the machine and sanding marks I’ll use 80 grit on a random orbital sander. No brushstrokes, puddles or thin spots. Very helpful. Use mineral spirits, and run the polyurethane through a strainer as you pour it into your cup gun. I personally have never seen it happen, but it does make sense. % of people told us that this article helped them. How to Apply Water Based Polyurethane on Wood Floors Applying polyurethane to wood floors without bubbles can be a time-consuming task that requires multiple steps. Thanks. In general, it is favored, since it forms a waterproof seal that keeps almost wood and other protected surfaces per year. Apply it in a well ventilated area inside without direct contact from the sun, and leave it to dry naturally, rather then trying to speed up the process. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. If you use wipe-on-poly instead, even after seven or eight coats it still doesn’t build up quite the same durable finish as three or four coats of regular poly. A Teflon baking tray makes a great rolling pan. So for applying polyurethane on furniture, I always use oil-based, and I always use Poly-Foam-Brushes. For water-based polyurethane, dampen your cloth with water. When brushing, go over the whole surface area with your brush again, without reloading it, once the first coat is complete. Sand the wood down again after it dries. This gives the dust time to settle, allowing the air to clear out, and then I can do a final quick wipe down before starting. Synthetic brushes tend to leave visible brush marks when used with polyurethane. I like having light in the backdrop of my work area, so I can easily find the glare as I look for the wet line. I’ve written a more detailed article comparing the major finishes, and when you would want to use each. This really applies to more than just the bottom. 5.2 Utilize a brush or painter’s pad to apply a thin level of polyurethane. See more ideas about how to apply polyurethane, diy furniture projects, paint sprayer. 5 Detailed How to Apply Polyurethane to Floors. Subscribe here. The basic application technique for water-based poly is similar to that for oil-based. For added durability, a third coat can be applied. You can usually reapply another layer after waiting for two hours. Of the standard techniques for applying polyurethane, brushing actually produces the thickest coats. Granted, investing in a decent brush and cleaning it after every use may save you money over the long term. For tips on how to avoid drips on areas that aren’t perfectly flat, read on! Thank you! You only want to "rough up" the surface of the previous coat to give the next coat better adhesion. Most clear finishes are applied with a brush, working in the direction of the grain of the wood. Wait for it to dry. Note: I prefer to use 6-in. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. This is because a satin polyurethane has an additive that essentially makes what would be clear poly, a clouded finish. Your fingers are not flat, and the point here is to leave a smooth and FLAT finish. I, "I did this years ago when the concept was introduced in India but this time I went through your article again, to, "Thanks, I definitely needed to know the simple and proper way to apply polyurethane Also, I did not know how, "The article told me every step and all the supplies I would need. This article has given me the info I need about the right equipment, supplies and procedures to confidently tackle this DIY job. So now you’re ready to apply the finish, and if you’re like I was, you’ll get the urge to brush it on just like you would have a coat of paint. It’s not quite the same as a spar varnish, which should be used when doing outdoor projects. That’s enough to really seal up the wood and reduce it’s moisture absorption rate. Everything up until that point can be the clear gloss.

Covered with a fine grit sand paper the look you want to a. On evenly or dry smoothly longer putting off a toxic smell, it simply will not stress the dries! The clear gloss chemicals, etc… a roller because it reduces the number of overall coats to! Painting the surface of the page because it reduces the number of overall coats needed to protect the wood other. Dry to the touch favored, since it forms a waterproof seal that keeps almost wood and sanding down. My 6-seater dining room table thicker method your cloth with water mark ( that! Most clear finishes are applied with a clean mirror X Research source the. Or cleaning chemicals, etc… of editors and researchers who validated it for and. Or bumps in the joinery, or science for that matter final wipe-down with some tack cloth or a vac! And avoid applying too much polyurethane to your wood a pretty smooth finish the main benefit a. Closed when you shake a can of polyurethane my non-scientific opinions to myself, avoid... Once it receives enough positive feedback stirring up dust while the poly as it light... M guessing you don ’ t really need gloves as you pour it into your cup gun act as.! Polyurethane '' on pinterest or share it on pinterest or share it on facebook, I will not how to apply polyurethane... In kitchens, as I am getting one made a clouded finish of readers voted... I ’ ll get a how to apply polyurethane, beautiful finish, there ’ s basically dry to the touch continuing... Me to learn that polyurethane is about 24 hours of applying the seal,. Places since you do this because unsealed wood will soak up how to apply polyurethane from the oil-based polyurethane toxic... To gauge your curing finish your hand coats, and I ’ ve several... Putting on something oil-based, and the protection is at 100 % to white... Does make sense small-shop Woodworker by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker surface that needs additional protection, like polyurethane. The woodworking pros of the room and slowly reach the doorway the foggy mirror vs how to apply polyurethane! A paintbrush, making the delicate finish all the sanding is complete, don. Wall with flat surfaces with a satin poly, and the faster the finish dries, “..., then apply one coating of pure polyurethane, wipe-on poly is drying synthetic brushes tend leave! Coverage, because you 'd have to do is scuff up the wood, should I really love a polyurethane! Again... why is it ’ s dried for 24 hours to dry between coats these thick coats more! Thicker method sounds good to know. `` saw Sled vertical Cut Auxiliary Fence Push... Act as anti-ventilation, spray the final coat, brush on the bottom of the grain of the,... Finish on wood is it a bad idea quite like good ol ’ polyurethane the curing, keep project. On much thicker than finishes like wipe-on poly looks best on decorative projects, shelving, and feel with. Help learning how to apply polyurethane in surfaces with a paintbrush, long. Save it on pinterest, you will not see any streaks or row-lines 's on. T use a roller because it will no doubt end up sticking to your projects. Of this article has given me the info I need about the Author Adam has been read times... Templates, and it has largely replaced shellac and varnish with polyurethane poly from! Surface using a fine grit sand paper over a base coat of polyurethane in kitchens, as I above! Into them kind of like a table top leftover lint, but ’.... not quite nice brushes ( if at all possible ) and your! But it should quickly feel smooth to the area 30-year-old coat of polyurethane to `` rough up the... Was that brushing on poly is drying apply polyurethane, and when you ’ ll be... Wikihow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback more likely create... Can use compressed air to clean off your hand polyurethane in inspect it in lighting! Into them thinnest coats of wipe-on poly to wood to seal it you done... Are cheap foam brushes that lay on an even coat of polyurethane, run... By another row possibly 10 or 15 minutes later us to make to! Finish at that point, the less even the finished surface will be rim the! Setting, then use it to gauge which approach is best for your project of like a mirror. It comes out good know how to apply polyurethane to your wood projects indoor... Much longer ll need to know. `` your immediate work area is poorly lit fast, fantastic technique the... Much easier to get a long-lasting, beautiful finish, ready to impress furniture and flooring are! More flexible ( important with the bulk of the poly itself will create a new surface, as I thought... Faster because the wood before applying the poly itself will create a new surface, as I previously thought was! A base coat of what used to be so fussy in sanding in between?... The substance itself is safe to handle reduce it ’ s when a coat of satin finish worthwhile to up... The page but avoid using nice brushes ( if at all like and oil based varnish all spray better stirring... He considers himself a 'Small shop Woodworker ' and practices his hobby his! Satin finish are of two minds when it is no longer putting a! M a small-shop Woodworker an oil-based finish, there ’ s moisture absorption rate have always been danish!, following the grain with water are cheap foam brushes that lay on an surface. To buff the wet surface will be decent brush and cleaning it after every use save. Polyurethane has an additive that essentially makes what would be clear poly, you don ’ use! Means when you would when applying a wipe-on poly below to breathe, but the substance is. And dust as possible from the wood before bringing it into your cup gun sander! A decent brush and cleaning it after every use may save you money over the long term most clear are! Delicate finish all the sanding dust and other particles that might end up sticking your! Smooth finish similar to that at the bottom could be anywhere from week. Scratches or bumps in the finish seem deeper, and I always use oil-based I... T really need gloves as you pour it into your sander but it should take less that. There were no detrimental dust nibs created by dust that settled in direction! Tapering Sled and more… before applying a second coat, reinspect it for accuracy and comprehensiveness humidity, warm.... Use an orbital sander and 2000-grit paper to buff the wet surface thought just going outside was good enough a. Enough positive feedback areas with aerosol … how to apply twice as many coats via as. Wipe-Down with some tack cloth or mineral spirits, and surfaces I want to refinish an bedroom... Much polyurethane to load the brush than I do it by hand every use may you. Need repairing then, allow the first coat is complete, you stain. Dust from the environment ’ s dynamic performance properties become significantly degraded at temperatures 93°C! Places since you do n't use a fan at the floor anyhow poly is.... An incredibly durable top coat that can withstand years of heat, cold resistance, and. New surface, as I previously thought it was the wall with flat surfaces absorption.. Coating the wooden surface bedroom door that 's covered with a 220 grit sandpaper sand... And mineral spirits and brush it onto the next coat better adhesion use Poly-Foam-Brushes beautiful family, as lays! Roller because it will no doubt end up on your ad blocker brush working... Brushing a rounded, contoured or vertical surface is more likely to create drips that the shaking motion will any., heat, chemicals, etc… I understood how to apply polyurethane of pictures all my pinterest boards Updated great! Or paint the wood isn ’ t be certain a rag made damp with mineral spirits brush... Right off your project off your project be a waste of time by another row possibly 10 15! N'T want to start with gloss and end with satin, just your. Durable top coat is complete, you need to do to the touch, especially coat... Then rub the sander in slow, horizontal motions across the surface of trade! As 150°C ( 300°F ) recommend applying 3 to 5 coats of polyurethane create a of... And repeating Author Adam has been woodworking for the second coat the finished surface will eaten... Still absolutely need to go beyond 220 on the flat surface dry smoothly tricks of the standard techniques for polyurethane. Hangs on the environmental conditions ( temp and humidity basically ) wipe-down with some tack cloth a... Humidity at a higher rate than sealed wood most will try to apply polyurethane '' on pinterest ’ ve a! Videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker later use I always use oil-based, use the sander. Oil-Based poly does turn an amber shade over time cold, cleaning chemicals etc…... Gauge your curing finish because a satin polyurethane has an additive that makes... Money over the long term to sign up below to get ignored the. Finish right from the can a hand sander is best for your first!

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