Plums belong to the family of stone fruit, in which peaches and nectarines are also A "Santa Rosa" plum tree starts producing fruit when it reaches 3 to 5 years of age. To prevent … As your tree gets taller, it may get too tall to pick or prune. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. Plums: pruning. It is an early-producing variety, covered in white blossoms in May and ready to harvest late in July. European plums fruit on two-year-old wood and Japanese plums fruit on one-year-old wood, both on spurs which crop for a few years. * Apricots mainly form fruit on two-year-old wood called spurs. Plum trees have the unique speciality of a wide adaptation, more compact in space and demand less maintenance compared to any other fruit trees. Plums are pruned in early spring or mid-summer to avoid infection by silver leaf disease. in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit). The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) Fruit trees can suffer from fungal diseases, so prune them in the summer and cut out any dying wood. Some trees grow twiggy naturally, and certain apple varieties such as Jonathan, as well as many varieties of cherries, plums, peaches and apricots, need additional thinning of their bearing wood to let in sunshine to ripen the fruit. Both plums and prunes are an excellent source of vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants. Necta-Plums fruit on last year’s new wood. Most, but not all, plums are self-unfruitful, and trees require cross-pollination to set fruit, so you need to plant two or more compatible varieties. Trees bear their fruit either on the limbs or … Begin pruning immediately when you plant a young tree to ensure a proper shape. 'Angelina’, ‘President’ and ‘Grand Duke’ are popular European varieties. Additionally, they … Plums are a very nutritious fruit. Established fruit tree plums are best pruned in mid-summer. If you live in an area with cold winters, consider an American hybrid plum variety (like the alderwood plum), some of which can do well in temperatures as cold, like those found in USDA hardiness zone 3.; If you live in an area with moderately cold winters, consider either an American hybrid or European plum variety. Any two will cross-pollinate. The time for plum tree pruning depends on the maturity and type of plum tree. Plum trees do not require as precise pruning as apples and pears, but still benefit from initial training and the thinning of old wood to ensure they produce as much fruit as possible. These spurs will be productive for two or three years so don't remove them until they no longer produce fruit. Not only do these fruits are nectars of nature, but also stand as a symbol of beauty in your garden. * Plums … Prune cherries, plums, nectarines and peaches . Plum trees are very hardy, and many varieties can handle cold winters. Young plums are generally pruned in early spring, before bud break, in order to avoid infection by silver leaf disease. Therefore, after the spring harvest, look carefully at the branches and thin those that are not producing lots of new wood back to a vigorous side branch. The subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus two or three years so do n't remove them they... One-Year-Old wood, both on spurs which crop for a few years a is! 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